Romanchenko Valeriy Yakovlevich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of social-legal and humanitarian-pedagogical sciences, Saratov State Vavilov Agrarian University (1 Teatralnaya square, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The content, scope, features, consequences of the Great Russian Revolution were largely determined by the revolutionary processes that took place in the Russian countryside. A study of the stages of their development allows us to identify the features, trends and contradictions of agrarian transformations in one of the most crucial periods of the history of Russia, to get a more complete picture of the Great Russian Revolution as a whole. The work purpose is to define stages of peasant and agrarian revolutions in Russia, to analyze cause-and-effect relations, characteristic features and specifics of their development.
Materials and methods. The set methodological objectives were fulfilled mainly by analyzing the empirical and analytical material presented in the author’s previous works, as well as by studying historiographical sources on the problem of the Great Russian Revolution. The most important concept of the study is the principle of objectivity, which became a guide in the author’s assessments and judgments about the causes, stages of development and results of the peasant and agrarian revolution. The following methods were used when working with the topic: the historical and chronological methods which allowed determining the stages of revolutionary processes in the Russian countryside and their features; the dialectical method on the basis of which the analysis of the development of the peasant and agrarian revolution was carried out, and the cause-and-effect relationships were revealed, the analysis and synthesis which contributed to certain conclusions and generalizations.
Results. The basic stages of development of revolutionary processes in the Russian village, their characteristic features and specifics are defined and studied. The prerequisites for the formation of the studied stages, the results and consequences of their evolution are noted.
Conclusions. The study gives grounds to conclude that the agrarian revolution in Russia, during which the peasant revolution took place, was the main component of the Great Russian Revolution, which determined its features and results. The review of the revolution in the village as a historical process allowed the author to identify phases, to determine the features, the content and consequences of the development of each stage, to articulate the author’s point of view on the issue of implementation of the tasks of the revolution from the perspective of the interests of the government and the peasantry.
Great Russian Revolution, peasant revolution, agrarian revolution, peasantry, Bolsheviks, government
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